The letter is written to Philemon, the owner of Onesimus, one of the millions of slaves in the Roman Empire, who had stolen from his master and run away. Final Instructions to Timothy (6:11-21), C. Exhortations to Remain Faithful (6:20-21). The Explanation of Our Armor (6:14-17), Both the internal and external evidence again points to Paul as the author. Pauline Epistle Summary Of. At the same time, Paul offered to pay personally whatever Onesimus owed. This survey of the Pauline epistles provides a brief summary of each letter and the main purpose for its existence. As we face the various dilemmas of life, we must all learn to find our comfort in God who is the God of all comfort. When we turn to 2 Timothy we find a very different atmosphere. Yet as Greeks they prided themselves on their intellectualism, although in their case it had degenerated into a crude and shallow type (1:17; 2:1-5) …43. As mentioned previously, it was from Rome, during this second imprisonment in the dungeon that he wrote 2 Timothy. This epistle is a private letter about Onesimus, a slave who had robbed his master, Philemon, and run away to Rome. 1. Regardless, external and internal evidence support Paul as the author. That Colossians is a genuine letter of Paul is not usually disputed. This would include such things as: qualification for elders and deacons (chap. Paul wrote: 1. 11:28). They are in Christ (1:1), blessed with every blessing in Christ (1:3), chosen in Him (1:4), adopted through Christ (1:5), in the Beloved (1:6), redeemed in Him (1:7), given an inheritance in Him (1:11), have a hope that is to the praise of His glory in Christ (1:12), sealed with the Spirit through Him as an earnest installment of their inheritance (1:13-14), made alive, raised, and seated with Him in the heavenlies (2:5-6), created in Christ for good works (2:10), partakers of the promise in Christ (3:6), and given access to God through faith in Christ (3:12). 1:1-8; 4:9-22; Titus 1:5; 3:12-13).64 Those who question Paul’s authorship usually do so on the following grounds: … that (1) Paul’s travels described in the pastorals do not fit anywhere into the historical account of the book of Acts, (2) the church organization described in them is that of the second century, and (3) the vocabulary and style are significantly different from that of the other Pauline letters. What concerned Paul preeminently was the presence of false teachers, claiming to be apostles, who had entered the church. Positive: Aspirations for the Heavenly Life (3:1-4), III. The many personal references of the author fit what we know of Paul from other NT books.”56, The epistle to the church at Philippi, the first church Paul established in Macedonia, is titled in the Greek text, Pros Philippesious, “To the Philippians.”. Acts 19:21). New Testament | Pauline Epistles and Romans | Summary Share. The Epistles of the Apostle Paul have a very distinctive character. The Pauline epistles are the fourteen books in the New Testament traditionally attributed to Paul the Apostle, although many dispute the anonymous Epistle to the Hebrews as being a Pauline epistle.. No passage is clearer and more declarative regarding the nature, fact, and purpose of the incarnation of Christ as is found in this book, the great kenosis passage (2:5f.). This is where the story of Jesus described in the Gospels is explained in greater detail. Unlike the Gospels and Acts, the Pauline epistles hardly contain any narrative. In this letter Paul had two major purposes in mind. Distinctive Emphases of Paul’s Epistles. Once there, they functioned in an official capacity to deal with special situations and meet special needs. The Illustration of Righteousness (4:1-25), C. The Blessings of Righteousness (5:1-11), D. The Contrast of Righteousness and Condemnation (5:12-21), IV. Paul could easily say, “I am become all things to all men, that I may by all means save some” (1 Cor. The Pauline epistles are the fourteen books in the New Testament traditionally attributed to Paul the Apostle, although many dispute the anonymous Epistle to the Hebrews as being a Pauline epistle. And what about the Jew? He wrote (1) to urge Timothy to come to Rome as soon as possible in view of his impending death (cf. It would be natural, however, for Paul to mention to a church to which he was a stranger his acquaintance with mutual friends. A secondary purpose is to teach the practicality of Christian love as we seek to express the life-changing effects of Christ’s life in ours as it transforms our relationships with others whether in the home or in the master/slave or employer/employee relationships. In this letter we have a wonderful example. Paul sent him back to his master at Colosse in company with Tychicus the bearer of the epistle to the Colossians. Justification: The Imputation of God’s Righteousness Through Christ (3:21–5:21), A. Also, the seeds of what later became the full-blown Gnosticism of the second century were present in the first century and already making inroads into the churches. A third purpose is related to the questions that naturally arose among the Jewish and the Gentile Christians at Rome like what does the gospel do to the Law and such Old Testament rites like circumcision? It’s also where we learn how Christians should live in response to Christ’s life, death, and resurrection. A key word in concept is “correction” as Paul sought to correct the problems in Corinth, but “wisdom,” contrasting God’s wisdom with man’s, is also a key word of the book. The supremacy of love over gifts (13:1-13), 4. 69 From the footnote in the NET Bible, BSF web site CD, electronic media. Our freedom must never be used “as an opportunity to indulge the flesh” but rather as a basis for loving one another by walking in the strength of the Spirit (5:13, 16, 22-25). The theme, then, is the life-changing power of the gospel to reach into the varied social conditions of society and change our relationships from bondage to brotherhood. In the 19th century, however, some thought that the heresy refuted in ch. 1:7; Col. 4:10; Philemon 9). The general epistles contain three themes: faith, hope, and love. When He comes, He will deliver us from wrath (undoubtedly a reference to the Tribulation) (1:10; 5:4-11), give rewards (2:19), perfect us (3:13), resurrect us (4:13-18), and sanctify (set apart) all those who have trusted in Him (5:23). Ryrie summarizes this and writes: At the time of the writing of this letter the term “Galatia” was used both in a geographical and in a political sense. Paul died in A.D. 67, according to the early church father, Eusebius. A number of basic Christian doctrines are discussed: natural revelation (Rom 1:19-20), universality of sin (Rom 3:9-20), justification (Rom 3:24), propitiation (Rom 3:25), faith (Rom 4:1), original sin (Rom 5:12), union with Christ (Rom 6:1), the election and rejection of Israel (Rom 9-11), spiritual gifts (Rom 12:3-8), and respect for government (Rom 13:1-7).41. And though prosperous with a thriving commerce, from man’s point of view, Paul and his associates may have wondered about what kind of success the gospel of God’s righteousness would have in a city like Corinth. When Plato referred to a prostitute, he used the expression “Corinthian girl” (Republic 404d). 1 Cor. At the heart of all ministry and our ability to endure in ministry is the doctrine of the person and work of Christ. Here Christ Jesus is emphatically described as “our great God and Savior, Christ Jesus, who gave Himself for us to redeem us from every lawless deed, and to purify for Himself a people for His own possession, zealous for good deeds” (2:13-14). The Two Silences It shows how we may be chained and hindered, but that the Word of God is not imprisoned (see also 2 Tim. Ryrie writes: The mention by name of 26 people in a church Paul had never visited (and particularly Priscilla and Aquila, who were most recently associated with Ephesus, Acts 18:18-19) has caused some scholars to consider chap. The Epistles of Paul appear in the Bible in the following order:Romans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansPrison epistles: 1. Thus, Paul writes about the believer’s wealth, walk, and warfare. This was not carried out in a self-protecting spirit but because Paul knew that acceptance of his ministry and message were intimately bound with the Corinthian church’s own spiritual well-being.46. Whereas Ephesians sets forth the glorious mystery, “the church which is Christ’s body,” Christ as the head of the Church (1:22-23), and believers as co-members of one another who are equally blessed with every spiritual blessing in Christ (1:3; 2:11-22), Philippians guards the practice of Ephesians. I. As with many of Paul’s epistles, picking a key chapter is difficult, but perhaps chapter 6 stands out because of its very important revelation regarding the nature of our warfare with Satan (6:10-18). It has also been suggested that Onesimus became a minister and later bishop of the church at Ephesus (Ignatius, To the Ephesians, 1).71, Key words or concepts are, “Oneness,” and “forgiveness in Christ.”, The forgiveness that the believer finds in Christ is beautifully portrayed by analogy in Philemon. The Expression of Thanks for Timothy (1:3-7), III. The A or alpha, the first letter of the Greek alphabet, was undoubtedly a latter addition to distinguish it from Second Corinthians which shortly followed this epistle. He was a Jew, a Pharisee (well-versed in the Old Testament), a man of knowledge, letters, and spirit. Paul’s 14 epistles found in our present New Testament were written to members of the Church who already had some knowledge of the gospel. Paul’s Prayer for the Colossians’ Growth (1:9-14), 3. This is true whether they deal with personal matters or the corporate ministry of the church. The Personal Circumstances of Paul in Rome: The Preaching of Christ (1:12-30), III. They represent different, though essentially harmonious, types of doctrine and Christian life. As a city, it had a reputation for gross materialism and deep sinfulness. In the Greek text, Titus is titled Pros Titon, “To Titus.”. Instructions Concerning Worship (2:1-2:15), A. The only question concerning the authorship revolves around chapter 16. As the first of two canonical epistles to the church at Thessalonica, this book was called in the Greek text, Pros Thessalonikeis A, “First to the Thessalonians.”. Logos Bible Software 9 review: Do you REALLY need it? 4:13) where he was then arrested, taken to Rome, imprisoned, and finally beheaded. 3:1; 4:1; 6:20; Phil. Thus, the apostle writes to refute their false gospel of works and demonstrates the superiority of justification by faith and sanctification by the Holy Spirit versus by the works of the Law. 2:1). Duties and Defenses Against the Dangers (4:6-16), VI. Paul did not deny the rights of Philemon over his slave, but he asked Philemon to relate the principle of Christian brotherhood to the situation with Onesimus (v. 16). Some areas of ecclesiology are more difficult to determine than others. Introduction – Most scholars believe this epistle was written by the apostle Paul, due to the support of early tradition regarding his being the author; though the evidence is not conclusive. Paul introduces himself as an apostle, explains that he will spread the faith to gentiles (non-Jews) such as the Romans, and expresses his desire to come visit them. The Experience of the Galatians: The Spirit is Given by Faith, Not by Works (3:1-5), B. Afterwards, he visited Troas (2 Tim. Posted at 15:35h in Uncategorized by 0 Comments. It has therefore been dubbed as “the charter of Christian Liberty.” Luther considered it in a peculiar sense his Epistle.51 Galatians stands as a powerful polemic against the Judaizers and their teachings of legalism. Though death was possible, Paul also seemed confident of his release. Upload; Login / Register. After being recaptured and once again imprisoned, Paul wrote Timothy a second letter, 2 Timothy. The Position of Liberty: Stand Fast (5:1-12), B. 8–9), B. Titus and His Companions Sent to Corinth (8:16–9:5), III. These are primarily correspondence: Paul sends greetings, instructions, encouragement, and background information. Acts 17:28; Titus 1:12). Two other key words are “grace” (1:4; 2:11; 3:7, 15) and “faith” (1:1, 4, 13; 2:10, 13, and 3:15). Philemon was not the only slave holder in the Colossian church (see Col. 4:1), so this letter gave guidelines for other Christian masters in their relationships to their slave-brothers. 1–7), B. Thanksgiving for Divine Comfort in Affliction (1:3-11), C. The Integrity of Paul’s Motives and Conduct (1:12–2:4), D. Forgiving the Offender at Corinth (2:5-11), E. God’s Direction in the Ministry (2:12-17), F. The Corinthian Believers—a Letter From Christ (3:1-11), G. Seeing the Glory of God With Unveiled Faces (3:12–4:6), I. 1:13). Since, in reality, all believers are called to full-time ministry in one way or another, this chapter would be more than beneficial for all Christians. 59 A.T. Robertson, Paul and the Intellectuals, rev. To distinguish this letter from the First Epistle to the Corinthians, this letter received the title, Pros Corinthians B. A recap of the events pertinent to this epistle will help give some idea of a probable date for Titus, though the exact time is unknown. 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