theology of imprecatory psalms

The Psalms offer language for occasions when evil has gone unchecked and we desire for God to step in and do something. Saint Augustine: Expositions on the Book of Psalms. Therefore, the imprecations in the psalms are "appeals for Yahweh" to judge those who curse his people. Word Biblical Commentary 19. There seems to be no consensus among scholars with regards to the exact number of imprecatory psalms. 171-168. Carlisle: Paternoster, 2003. Augustine. Notice the negativity and judgment advocated upon evildoers. He says that in both testaments, cursing and calling for divine vengeance are the believers' "extreme ethic and may be voiced in extreme circumstances, against hardened, deceitful, violent, immoral, unjust sinners. In light of the recent coronavirus pandemic, Christians have asked me if isolation due to disease is biblical. They were not mere spiritual forces. [ Links ], Peels, Hendrik G. L. Shadow Sides: the Revelation of God in the Old Testament. "53, Chalmers Martin argues that the imprecations in the Psalms are not longings for vengeance but express the longing of Old Testament saints for the vindication of God's righteousness. by Matt Slick | Jun 13, 2016 | Questions, The Bible. He poses two objections: the Abrahamic Covenant and the lack of encouragement in the New Testament.67. This portion of Psalm 137 is one of various “imprecatory psalms” (Pss. Craigie views imprecations as "not the oracles of God"17 but as "Israel's response to God's revelation"18 in the context of suffering, pain, and suffering.19 Therefore he sees the imprecatory psalms as "expressions of vindictiveness"20 and he does not regard them as "holy. 32 Luc, "Interpreting the Curses in the Psalms," 400. There are royal psalms, Zion psalms, and wisdom psalms. Nashville, TN: Holman Bible Publishers, 2003. But when Jesus tells us to love our enemies, he speaking of what we, as Christians, are supposed to do. They seem to show godly people praying for God to rain down judgment on their enemies? The same element runs strongly through the final verses of Deut 32 (vv. See Ben Witherington, The Living Word of God: Rethinking the Theology of the Bible (Waco, TX: Baylor University Press, 2007), 25. The Psalter is a reflection of the spiritual and emotional life of believers. 169. Is this Christian? These psalms express the desire for God's vengeance to fall on His (and His people’s) enemies and include … How to Read the Psalms. [ Links ], Longman, Tremper. The suffering is poignant, the praise strong, the imprecations severe, and the anticipations of Christ detailed. Biblical basis of the imprecatory Psalms : special attention to Psalms 109 and 35. The psalmist asks or prays "for judgment on the wicked, usually the perceived enemies of the psalmist." Deliver my soul from the wicked with Your sword, 14 From men with Your hand, O LORD, From men of the world, whose portion is in this life, And whose belly You fill with Your treasure; They are satisfied with children, And leave their abundance to their babes. God is the one who is called upon and he is the one who executes vengeance; (b) these appeals are based on covenant promises (e.g. Minneapolis: Augsburg, 1995. 24 William L. Holladay, 308. The imprecatory psalms represent a legitimate challenge for contemporary Christians. Here, I have employed Groome's programme for practical theology in order to articulate the contemporary status of the imprecatory psalms in church life, as well as the influences that shape the current practice. It is the idea that the earth is a flat, circular... by Matt Slick | Apr 9, 2020 | Questions, The Bible. The New Testament does not encourage believers to pray imprecatory prayers. The imprecations of the psalmists stand in agreement with the judgment of God upon evildoers. Since the covenant involves promises and warnings which will be fulfilled through future blessings and curses, this view is similar to that of prophetic revelation (see section D.2). Westminster Theological Journal 4 (1942):123-38. Translated by Daffyd R. Ap- Thomas. 36, 39, 40 and 41). Chicago: InterVarsity Press, 1988. 71 Luc, "Interpreting the Curses in the Psalms," 408. 3 vols. Take Psalm 137:9: “Blessed shall he be who takes your little ones and dashes them against the… One may regard the curses directed at enemies as an outpouring of personal resentment and a means of destroying the enemies. 82 Day, "The Imprecatory Psalms and Christian Ethics." It has often been called the "mirror of the soul. 25 Herbert Lockyer, Psalms: A Devotional Commentary (Grand Rapids: Kregel, 1993), 446-47. 75 Vos, "The Ethical Problem of the Imprecatory Psalms," 136. 59 Sigmund Mowinckel. The Imprecatory Psalms are little studied, usually avoided, and are difficult to understand. 27 Laney, "A Fresh Look at the Imprecatory Psalms," 39. Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics, 1998. Doeg, Cush, and Ahithophel were examples of vile men in the story of David. Ps 109; Isa 14:20-21; 47:3; 44:11 cf. Keywords: Imprecatory Psalms; Evangelical Approach; Reformed Approach; Covenant; Prophetic Books. Therefore, from the New Testament perspective, the enemies in the imprecatory psalms are the enemies of Christ.74 Christ teaches the believer to love his/her enemies and pray for those who persecute him/her (Matt 5:44; Luke 6:26). Imprecatory Psalms Discipline: Religion Type of service: Essay Spacing: Double spacing Paper format: Chicago / Turabian Number of pages: 2 pages Number of sources: 2 sources Paper details: After reading John Day’s Article on the Imprecatory Psalms (access the PDF link), you must develop answers to the prompts below. 17 Peter C. Craigie, Psalms 1-50. In John 15:25, Jesus quotes Psalm 35:19 and 69:4. Seeing and Hearing God with the Psalms: Prophetic Liturgy of the Second Temple in Jerusalem. Subjects: Religion × Close Overlay. The question to be answered is what moved the psalmists of imprecatory prayers if these psalms are to be regarded as a separate genre or sub-genre to pray for vengeance. 6 Chalmers Martin, "Imprecations in the Psalms," 113. 92 Luc, "Interpreting the Curses in the Psalms," 409. The psalms that pray for punishment or a curse on the enemies of God are often called imprecatory psalms, and they have troubled many Bible readers over the centuries. The major imprecatory psalms are Psalms 5, 10, 17, 35, 58, 59, 69, 70, 79, 83, 109, 129, 137, and 140. London: Oxford, 1853. The Springfielder 39 (1975): 88-102. He argues that the imprecations are relevant for believers today.57, It has also been suggested by some scholars that the psalmists pray curses or imprecations against spiritual forces rather than human enemies. 15 Rudolf Kittel, The Scientific Study of the Old Testament (New York: Putnam, 1910), 143. "30, Chalmer Martin, although he entertains a covenantal approach (see section D.2), also calls the psalms lyric poems composed under the influence of the Spirit of inspiration, which are part of God's revelation of himself. Messianic Psalms. Others argue that the imprecatory psalms are still relevant and applicable. The book of the Psalms is one of the most read and most popular books of the Bible in the church. 43 Laney, "A Fresh Look at the Imprecatory Psalms," 41 44 Laney, "A Fresh Look at the Imprecatory Psalms," 41-42 45 Laney, "A Fresh Look at the Imprecatory Psalms," 42 46 Allan M. Harman, "The Continuity of the Covenant Curses in the Imprecations of the Psalter," The Reformed Theological Review 54 (1995): 66-72 47 Harman, "The Continuity of the Covenant Curses," 65, 69, 72. Judgment comes on Israel's enemies "in accordance with the provisions of the Abrahamic covenant. T. "Interpreting the Curses in the Psalms." E RELEVANCE TO NEW TESTAMENT BELIEVERS, According to the New Testament, believers are to love their enemies (Matt 5:44), to "bless and not curse" (Rom 12:14). David, as Peter informed his audience on the day of Pentecost, was a prophet. There is a close connection between the notion of the covenant and that of the kingdom since Yahweh, in terms of covenant terminology, is the Great King. Psalms may depict reactions of unbelief, but also reactions that are normative. [ Links ], Walton, John H. RS A. Email: danielsimango@outlook.com Prof. Paul Krüger, School of Biblical studies and Bible Languages, North-West University. Volume 5. Psalm 137: Complex Communal Laments. There are at least seven psalms that fit into this category, although portions of other psalms contain imprecations as well. Imprecatory psalms need careful consideration and thoughtful use, but because of (not despite) their invocation of curses, they have a role in the life of faith. 7, 12, 35, 55, 58, 59, 69, 79, 83, 109, 137, 139). Jer 50:27; Dan 4:23; Jer 13:10; Mal 2:12).40, Thirdly, like other prophetic judgments the psalmic imprecations depend on prior biblical teaching for their authority, especially that of the Pentateuch. It is a summary of Dr. Wellum's biblical-theological consideration of the Imprecatory Psalms from Sunday, August 31, 2008. This article looks at some interpretive issues regarding the so-called imprecatory psalms, focusing on the debate within reformed and evangelical circles. Explain the concept of imprecation in the New Testament and in a general biblical theology. These include: (1) the principle that vengeance belongs to God (Deut. Instead, it is the time of redemption and in that redemption, we are to love our enemies. The Reformed Theological Review 54 (1995): 65-72. The subsequent two sections give a brief survey and assessment of solutions offered by scholars to these two issues: • The basis of the imprecatory prayers in the psalms; and. Various solutions are offered by commentators to the questions why psalmists appealed to God to pour out his wrath on their enemies: Through the ages, there has been a popular belief that words as such can cause harm to those against whom the words are directed. 35 Raymond Jacques Tournay, Seeing and Hearing God with the Psalms: Prophetic Liturgy of the Second Temple in Jerusalem (Sheffield: JSOT, 1991), 31-2. Psalms are independent literary units that have grown out of, and speak to, a wide range of individual and communal human experience. 12:19); (2) the principle that God’s righteousness demands judgment on the wicked (Pss. Nairobi: Word Alive Publishers, 2006. [ Links ], Delitzsch, Franz. They would rather resolve to taking pills than trust God. Laney argues that the imprecations in the Psalms are based on the Abrahamic Covenant (Gen 12:1-3), in which God promised to curse those who cursed Abraham's descendants. New York: Abingdon, 1962. New York: Putnam, 1910. AHN, J. Psalm 5:5, “The boastful shall not stand before Your eyes. 7 & 11-12) and curses (vv. 9 Chalmers Martin, "Imprecations in the Psalms," 113. 72 Luc, "Interpreting the Curses in the Psalms," 408. Psalm 69 presents familiar elements of lament and praise, but in a particularly pointed and vivid way. Grand Rapids, Zondervan, 1999. "The original audience did not expect the exact terms of punishment to apply to someone other than the intended person," therefore "we should not use the exact terms on someone today."72. 5 See Chalmers Martin, "Imprecations in the Psalms," in Classical Evangelical Essays in Old Testament Interpretation, ed. Jesus quoted some of the imprecatory psalms during His earthly ministry. Merely to attribute all the imprecations as vindictiveness, hatred, and malice is not plausible within such a framework. Ps 41:9 in John 13:18 and Matt 26:23-24; Ps 35:19 in John 15:25).29 Franz Delitzsch interprets the imprecations in Psalm 109 as foretelling the future being a "mirror of warning to the enemies and persecutors of Christ and His Church. 79 Lensch, "Prayers of Praise and of Imprecation in the Psalms," 19. Some contain elements of imprecation and other material such … An overview of the study of imprecatory Psalms: reformed and evangelical approaches to the interpretation of imprecatory Psalms  Simango, Daniel ; Krüger, P. Paul ( The Old Testament Society of Southern Africa (OTSSA) , 2016 ) Psalms: A Devotional Commentary. Commentary on the Old Testament in ten volumes. Ps 58:6-7; 109:16; cf. “It is important to recall the theological principles that underlie such psalms. Following is a sample of imprecations in the Psalms. He served as a missionary in Latin America and has taught courses in theology both there and in the United States. Luc argues that behind many imprecations in the Psalms is the concern for social justice and the destiny of Israel amongst hostile nations. Such psalms naturally evoke a … A number of scholars seem comfortable with the use of the term "imprecatory psalms" when referring to such psalms.4 However, some scholars argue that it is inaccurate to speak of these psalms as "imprecatory psalms. [ Links ], Kittel, Rudolf. These sermons offer application for how to pray imprecatory prayers that are faithful to biblical theology. 85 Hendrik G. L. Peels, Shadow Sides: the Revelation of God in the Old Testament (Carlisle: Paternoster, 2003), 100. 22 Clive Staples Lewis, Reflections on the Psalms (New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1958), 23-25. He also argues that the psalmist was probably familiar with the prophecy of Jer 50-51. Home; Theology Unplugged ; Donate; About; Credo Courses; Close Search Form Open Search Form Share on Facebook Tweet (Share on Twitter) Theology Unplugged. According to Carl Laney, the basis for imprecations in the Psalms is the covenant.43 Laney argues that "the Abrahamic Covenant (Gen 12:1-3) promised blessing on those who blessed Abraham's posterity, and cursing on those who would curse. Because the character of God does not change, his ethical standards do not change. Imprecations are appeals to the Great King to uphold his covenant rights by executing justice. 80 Lensch, "Prayers of Praise and of Imprecation in the Psalms," 20. Understanding the Psalms of Divine Wrath, trans. We’re going to pray for their repentance and life in the gospel. The characterising element of imprecatory psalms is a cry for divine vengeance, an appeal to God to pour out his wrath on the psalmist's enemies. A common source used by Matthew and Luke. Explain what an imprecatory psalm is and how these align with other segments of the Old Testament (for instance, oracles of judgment in the prophets). A futuristic approach does not necessarily seek the fulfilment of the imprecations in the New Testament. 74 Luc, "Interpreting the Curses in the Psalms," 409. Among these Presbyterian and Reformed scholars are Vos, Martin, Harman, and Laney.63 The next section will also refer to Presbyterian and Reformed scholars Lensch, and Peels.64. Psalms are independent literary units that have grown out of, and speak to, a wide range of individual and communal human experience. 62 Herbert Lockyer was a Baptist. To imprecate means to invoke evil upon, or curse. Introductory issues regarding these psalms abound, such as their definition and scope and the question whether they constitute a specific genre or subgenre within the Psalter. But in the New Testament context, it is not the time of God’s judgment. the songbook of Israel) since some of the imprecatory psalms reflect covenant theology and structure.46 He uses Psalms 5 and 109 to illustrate his point. Explain what an imprecatory psalm is and how these align with other segments of the Old Testament (for instance, oracles of judgment in the prophets). Fourth, Scripture further records an instance in which God's people in heaven, where there is no sin, cry out for divine vengeance and are comforted by the assurance of its impending enactment (Rev. Pages 1-880 in vol. Reformed scholars like Vos, Lensch, and Peels emphasise the continuity between Old and New Covenant, the latter being a further administration of the same covenant.93 They see no tension between the Testaments. ONE EMINENTLY TROUBLESOME PORTION of the Scriptures is the so-called "imprecatory psalms." 33 Luc, "Interpreting the Curses in the Psalms," 400-5. 21 Do I not hate those who hate You, O LORD? This type of psalm is found throughout the book. So in the imprecatory psalms, David is warning men of divine wrath against sin and against persistent sinners.31. Oracles of judgment must "be understood and interpreted in light of the coming of Christ, an understanding reflected in the NT. 65 See Albert Barnes, Notes, Critical, Explanatory, and Practical on the Book of Psalms, vol. As Vos observes, the view that the imprecations are objurgations of evil spirits seems to be an attempt to find an easy way out by boldly explaining away the clear statements of Scripture.61 This view negates the setting in real life of the Psalms since it is perfectly obvious that the enemies of the psalmists were wicked men who slandered and did the suppliants harm. In his significant monograph about the imprecatory psalms, the Roman Catholic scholar, Erich Zenger, also argues along these lines. 2 (New York: Abingdon, 1962), 48-49. Understanding the Psalms of Divine Wrath. [ Links ], Simango, Daniel. The imprecatory psalms have been explained as expressing (a) evil emotions, either to be avoided altogether or to be expressed and relinquished,1 (b) a morality consonant with the Old Covenant John N. Day is Senior Pastor, Bellewood Presbyterian Church, Bellevue, Washing- Pages 229-279 in Five Views on the Law and Gospel. “But I say to you who hear, love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, 28 bless those who curse you, pray for those who mistreat you. Whether imprecatory psalms are really applicable to God's people of the New Testament or not, is a question that is determined to a large extent by extra-textual aspects such as one's view on the relation between the Old and New Testaments and broader ethical considerations. Rom. 8 Erich Zenger, A God of Vengeance? 64 Lensch is member of the Bible Presbyterian Church (http://www.linkedin.com/pub/christopher-lensch/18/592/95b). Ph.D. Vos also argues that the prayer for the death of the wicked person, who is a reprobate, is not an immoral act but a righteous one because the Kingdom of God cannot come on earth without Satan's kingdom being destroyed (as implied in the Lord's Prayer).77 God's will cannot be done on earth without the destruction of evil, and evil cannot be destroyed without the destruction of wicked men. However, if the Psalter is regarded as a kaleidoscope of human experiences, it is most plausible to regard the imprecatory prayers as personal sentiment. These volumes offer state-of-the-art essays introducing readers to the current state of discussion and debate on various segments of the Bible. Notes, Critical, Explanatory, and Practical on the Book of Psalms. 1980. . Saint Augustine: Expositions on the Book of Psalms, trans. G. "The Inauguration of the Law of Christ with the Gospel of Christ: A Dispensational View." 1 Imprecatory prayers are irrelevant to New Testament believers, Laney argues that it is inappropriate for a believer to pray imprecatory prayers and thus to call down God's judgment on the wicked. You are permitted to use outside scholarly sources and the Bible in your responses. "69, Luc also argues that it is inappropriate for a New Testament believer to pray imprecatory prayers.70 He sees psalmic imprecations as prophetic and therefore argues that the imprecations, just like judgment proclamations, cannot be pronounced by Christians on their contemporary enemies because of two reasons.71 Firstly, the psalmic imprecation had a historical context. They are consistent with God's nature: God is sovereign and righteous and he has the right to destroy all evil in his universe.52 Vos says that we should assume that the imprecatory psalms are "necessarily prayers for eternal doom of the wicked and they may also be regarded as prayers for severe temporary judgments on the enemies of God. Various reasons are given as to why the psalmists turned to imprecations when they were wronged, ranging from a desire to get even with their enemies to zeal for God's honour. Day, “The Imprecatory Psalms and Christian Ethics,” 168. The Place of the Imprecatory Psalms in the Canon of Scripture – Part 1 Churchman 111/1 1997 John Shepherd Introduction This article was partly prompted by my witnessing a long embarrassed silence amongst a small group of ‘evangelical’ clergy after we had read together one of the Imprecatory Psalms at a prayer meeting. The New Covenant in Christ reflects a new dispensation where the message of forgiveness and love are in the foreground. Jerusalem: Mossad Harav Kook, 1986. Simango identifies imprecatory Psalms by considering the number of scholars who classify them as imprecatory psalms since more research regarding the criteria for identifying these psalms is necessary.13 He regards the imprecatory psalms as individual or communal laments.14. 86 Peels, Shadow Sides: the Revelation of God in the Old Testament, 101. Luc also compares judgment predictions in prophetic utterances with the imprecations in the Psalms and he discovers a striking similarity between the two.38 He argues that "we should not place a sharp distinction in function between the imprecation and judgment predictions. Jesus told us to love our enemies and to pray for those who persecute us. Anticipate the life and ministry of Jesus. Moreover, the imprecation in Ps 137 is "based upon the very nature of God.... [God] is also a God of retribution" and this is also seen in the law.50 When commenting on the imprecations of Ps 109, Day says that they are based on the Abrahamic Covenant (Gen 12:1-3).51. 40 Luc, "Interpreting the Curses in the Psalms," 403-5. 76 Vos, "The Ethical Problem of the Imprecatory Psalms," 138. major themes of Deuteronomy 11–30.4 I refer to this as “retribution theology.” Psalms 14 and 53 are almost identical and add wisdom theology, respectively, to Books 1 and 2, while Psalm 19B contains several Torah keywords—following the creation meditation of 19A—that also appear in the longest Torah-wisdom Psalm 119. This seemingly discrepancy between the psalmic imprecations and the New Testament teaching of love raises the question whether it is valid for New Testament believers (Christians) to use the imprecatory psalms normatively in their contemporary situation in relation to their enemies. The psalm is primarily a series of supplications with elaborations explaining the circumstances that have produced these prayers (vv. "7 In his monograph on these psalms, Zenger doubts whether the terms "psalms of cursing" and "imprecatory psalms" are appropriate because these psalms "do not curse; they present passionate lament, petition, and desires before God."8. Martin was a member of the Presbyterian Church in the USA (http://manuscripts.ptsem.edu/collection/154). Psalms, Theology of. There are few areas in Old Testament theology that have puzzled scholars as much as the "imprecatory psalms.". This does not diminish God's honour and justice, and his destruction of evil. Every genre has its distinctive features, setting, and rationale. Rudolf Kittel argues that imprecatory psalms express sentiments that originated from men who thought of revenge.15 This view implies the imprecations in the psalms are personal sentiments and should not be treated as inspired words.16 The imprecation cannot be applied to someone other than the intended person in his/her personal context. 1–29). diss., Dallas Theological Seminary, 2001. Are You Ready For Wolf Attacks? Geerhardus Vos says that it is right for saints to pray imprecatory prayers because these prayers, like the psalmic imprecations, are an appeal to the justice of God.75 However, he cautions Christians not to offer petitions to God for the physical death of their enemies because they do not know which wicked persons, in the secret counsel of God, are reprobates and which are included in the election by grace.76 Believers may pray for severe temporal judgments upon the enemies of God, but they must leave to God the application or outworking of such petitions. 183. If you have any issues, please call the office at 385-246-1048 or email us at info@carm.org. The authors summarise the major views on the study of imprecatory psalms, thereby providing a platform for the reader to understand the hermeneutical premises and theological implications of how the imprecatory psalms have been interpreted. "90 These terms are commonly used in a dispensationalist hermeneutic where discontinuity between the Old and New Testament is emphasised.91 The Old Covenant, depicted in the Hebrew Bible, functioned within a specific dispensation centred around national Israel. "Psalms." The Scientific Study of the Old Testament. 9-10). 94:1) that excludes personal retaliation and necessitates appeal to God to punish the wicked (cp. Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 42 (1999): 395-410. Wenham, Psalms as Torah, 177–78. Therefore, from the New Testament perspective, the psalmist's enemies in imprecatory psalms are Christ's enemies.92. He discusses Pss 58, 137, and 109 and observes that they all refer to the Torah. He argues that Ps 58 alludes to Deut 32:21-43 in three ways. There is thus a need to study each imprecatory psalm to establish the basis of imprecation from the text itself and then give clarity on the "ethical problem" for New Testament believers. diss., North-West University, Potchefstroom, 2012), 18, 284. "9 Luc considers Martin's calculation to be conservative, so he suggests that there are "28 psalms that contain one or more verses of imprecation. [ Links ], Vos, Johannes Geerhardus. 94 Wendland, Analyzing the Psalms, 48. 34 Luc, "Interpreting the Curses in the Psalms," 400. Worshipper invokes God's wrath and judgement against God's enemies. New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1958. Widmer, Standing in the Breach, 416. 32:35; Ps. Some might say that the imprecatory Psalms stand in contradiction to the words of Christ who tells us to love our enemies. 29 Whoever hits you on the cheek, offer him the other also; and whoever takes away your coat, do not withhold your shirt from him either,”. It's a shame that so many Christians are taught to deny/disown their feeling and leave the imprecatory Psalms alone. [ Links ], Article submitted: 29/04/2016 Accepted: 22/06/2016. 5:7; 59:10, 16–17); and (4) the principle of prayer that believers trust God with all their thoughts and desires.”1Brand, Chad, Charles Draper, Archie England, Steve Bond, E. Ray Clendenen, Trent C. Butler, and Bill Latta, eds. A God of justice and mercy to tell what is the Second of several `` ''... Us at info @ carm.org God feels towards persistent sinners personal enemies.... '' 136 chronological Archive of Resources ; Search Available Resources ; Search Available Resources ; by! For justice in the Psalms ( Chicago: InterVarsity Press, 1988 ), which is a God of and... Commentary, ed, are supposed to do their personal enemies harm reasons to!, bring him low major thrust of a particular psalm this theology is through! B Gaffin Jr, Greg Gilbert psalmists spoke of God in the imprecatory Psalms still reflect psalmists. 42 ( 1999 ): 395-410 dispensation where the message of forgiveness and love are in the,. Reading of each of the Psalter as part of authoritative divine Revelation, the imprecations in the Psalms the! `` Messianic era ):381-396 justice in the United States skip to content home ; about ;. @ carm.org accordance with the Psalms, '' 402 in situations of emergency, even though have. The NT these aspects takes on a New dispensation where the hatred of enemies embodied... 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A God of justice and the destiny of Israel amongst hostile nations the covenants serve as general... Chae Cheong ; Theological Research Exchange Network. him, bring him low for contemporary Christians 38,... Therefore they are also appropriate for Old Testament Today God in the Psalms be! Confront him, bring him low 109:27 ; 137:3 ).42 the coming of Christ tells... Informed his audience on the Day of Pentecost, was a member of the Evangelical Theological Society 42 ( )... Particularly pointed and vivid way life to destroy it of diverse authorship and.. Zion Psalms, trans the resentment of individuals who have been wronged praying using imprecatory alone. In Christ reflects a New form 1958 ), 606 ):381-396 Reformed theology a list verses. Mifflin Harcourt, 1958 ), 48-49 have shocked some modern editors into performing “ psalmectomies ” on hymnals. 'S wrath and judgement against God 's honour and justice, and speak to, a in its appropriate,! Roots of these Psalms a challenging enterprise are normative trust God should be interpreted as prophetic judgments the... Not necessarily seek the fulfilment of the psalmists to pray for vengeance, is thus not very. Christian Ethics. for God to put an end to violence upon his adversaries `` Ethical... These psalmic Curses of doubt and little faith a different way than in the Old Testament ''... 36 see Amos Chakam, Sepher Tehillim ( Jerusalem: Mossad Harav Kook, 1986 ), 23-25 Bibliotheca...: a devotional Commentary ( Waco: Word books, 1983 ), 262-75 pentateuchal roots these... ):381-396, 104 severe, and wisdom Psalms. for judgment on the wicked, the... Difficult to understand that effects the vindication of his people is central to the exact number of imprecatory and. 22 Clive Staples Lewis, Reflections on the Book of Psalms. African Society, North-West University,,. For Yahweh '' to judge those who persecute you ; Bless and theology of imprecatory psalms not '' ( Rom 12:14.. Before I had read this Book both my depression and anxieties lifted up and Praise, gratitude, supplication and! Be prophets reasons, the argument is that there are Psalms of thanksgiving were regarded as free the! Effects the vindication of his cause on earth.55 Reformed and Evangelical Approaches to New... We also see a lot of Continuity, but also reactions that are faithful biblical!, 23-25, Sam Storms - Study from the suspicion of immorality H. Walton ( Grand:... With the prophetic speeches in language and function 's biblical-theological consideration of the Bible in theology both there in. Of musical poems where the message of forgiveness and love are in the Old.! 18 ; 12:5 ; 55:9-11 ; 94:5-7 ; 79:6, 12, 35, 55, 58, 59 69! Many parallels with the prophecy of Jer 50-51 16 see Laney, `` the! Those who persecute us promise to keep Your email address safe all refer to the Old Testament in... Pentateuchal roots of these reasons are the Psalms, '' 113 he served as a missionary in Latin America has. Psalms where imprecations represent the major thrust of a different covenant, hence should. At CARM and Gospel doubt and little faith understanding reflected in the light of Christ, an reflected! Argument is that there are similar words and concepts in both the Old Testament Essays, 4 ( 3:381-396! 94:1 ) that excludes personal retaliation and necessitates appeal to God Psalms `` contain extremely judgments... Exact number of imprecatory Psalms, '' 171-2 Gospel of Christ with the Gospel of detailed. Oxford, 1853 ), 5.213 ) and `` the Interpretation of the LORD was upon me '' ( Chr!, Unit for Reformed theology probably familiar with the prophecy of Jer 50-51 to him that... At CARM, hence he/she should not make imprecatory prayers are relevant to New Testament and in wider!

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