terminology used in epidemiology ppt

Epidemiology, branch of medical science that studies the distribution of disease in human populations and the factors determining that distribution, chiefly by the use of statistics.Unlike other medical disciplines, epidemiology concerns itself with groups of people rather than individual patients and is frequently retrospective, or historical, in nature. Method in Epidemiology. Master (Slide Master): The Slide Master is a template that stores all of the design options that you would like to apply including font styles, placeholder sizes and positions, color schemes and background designs and images. Introduction to Epidemiology will provide you with insights into the basic terminology and principles of epidemiology. There are two broad types of epidemiological studies: 1. Epidemiology studies how disease originates and spreads throughout a population, with the goal of preventing outbreaks and containing them when they do occur. This is important in epidemiology, because rates can be used to measure the speed of a disease event or to make epidemiologic comparisons between populations over time. epidemiology is an atheoretical discipline. They'll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today's audiences expect. Medical terminology for cancer : Some Basic Terms for Oncology. PPT – Principles of Disease and Epidemiology PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 247fe-MGZhN The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content Get the plugin now Introduction to Community Med-----Public Health Dr.Bipin Introduction to Public Health introduces the many areas of the public health system, and the work in measuring health, disease and illness, and its endeavors to promote population health. Epidemiological methods have been used to study the relationship between diet and disease for centuries, originally to identify nutritional deficiencies and target foods to ameliorate them (Cervantes-Laurean et al., 1999; Therefore, epidemiological studies of drug use employ these methods and statistical measures to study the occurrence and distribution of drug use … Apply the basic terminology and definitions of epidemiology. In a rate, the denominator is usually the population (or population experience, as in person-years, etc.) This book, then, aims to explain the ideas underlying the language, principles, and basic methods in epidemiology. Taken from Morris JN, Uses of Epidemiology.4. Epidemiology: a tool for the assessment of risk Ursula J. Blumenthal, Jay M. Fleisher, Steve A. Esrey and Anne Peasey The purpose of this chapter is to introduce and demonstrate the use of a key tool for the assessment of risk. 2. Observational studies – we do not interfere in the process of the disease, but simply observe the disease and the associated factors. I often concentrate on PPT I demographic distribution I geographic distribution ... epidemiological terminology In epidemiology, disease occurrence is frequently small relative to the population size. Winner of the Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine. 107 Chapter 3 Measures of Morbidity and Mortality Used in Epidemiology LEARNING OBJECTIVES By the end of this chapter the reader will be able to: define and distinguish among ratios, proportions, and rates explain the term population at risk identify and calculate commonly used rates for morbidity, mortality, and natality World's Best PowerPoint Templates - CrystalGraphics offers more PowerPoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from. epidemiology [ep″ĭ-de″me-ol´o-je] the science concerned with the study of the factors determining and influencing the frequency and distribution of disease, injury, and other health-related events and their causes in a defined human population for the purpose of establishing programs to prevent and control their development and spread. Page 2 Principles of Epidemiology Introduction The word epidemiology comes from the Greek words epi, meaning “on or upon,” demos, meaning “people,” and logos, meaning “the study of.”Many definitions have been proposed, but the following definition captures the underlying principles and the … The lower portion of a fraction used to calculate a rate or ratio. Get easy-to-understand explanations of all key concepts to make sure you use the right PM terms. The ultimate resource for project management terminology. How to use terminology in a sentence. More chapters in Epidemiology for the uninitiated Epidemiological studies measure characteristics of populations. ... Student learns to propose research questions and hypotheses, review the literature, and use basic epidemiology and statistical techniques to answer the research questions posed. Define epidemiology and biostatistics, in terms of their relationship to each other, and discuss their roles in collecting, describing, and evaluating data A concept is the idea behind the word or phrase we use to describe something. Enroll on this online course Epidemiology “contributes to the rationale for public health policies and services and is important for use in their evaluation”, but “the delivery of those services or the implementation of those policies” is not “part of epidemiology” (Savitz et al ., 1999: 1158-1159). Terminology definition is - the technical or special terms used in a business, art, science, or special subject. Studies have focused on clarification of categories and molecular features of serrated polyps, as well as endoscopic detection and risk assessment. It is a cornerstone of public health, and shapes policy decisions and evidence-based practice by identifying risk factors for disease and targets for preventive healthcare. In its entire vision and scope, epidemiology has become estab-lished as a truly interdisciplinary science. Author information: (1)From the Department of Surgery and Perioperative Care, Dell Medical School at the University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. field today for the use of epidemiology. » Lecture 1: Biostatistics and Epidemiology within the Paradigm of Public Health (Diener-West) Describe the role quantitative methods play in addressing public health questions . Ethics - is the part of philosophy that deals with moral issues such as good and evil, right and wrong, what is just, etc. QUANTITATIVE MEASURES USED IN EPIDEMIOLOGY • Measures of disease frequency reflect the relative occurrence of the disease in a population. such as epidemiology of aging, genetic epidemiology, molecular epidemiol-ogy, epidemiology of war or disaster, climate change epidemiology, and several more. Epidemiology consists of research methods and specific strategies for counting and calculating the occurrence and risk of disease. DENOMINATOR. Basic epidemiology was originally written with a view to strengthening education, training and research in the field of public health. Rates are typically expressed as a measure of the frequency with which an event occurs in a defined population in a defined time (eg, the number of foodborne Salmonella infections per 100,000 people annually in the USA). The person: characteristics—age, sex, race, and occupation—of descriptive epidemiology used to characterize the populations at risk. Epidemiology is the study and analysis of the distribution (who, when, and where), patterns and determinants of health and disease conditions in defined populations.. Vetter TR(1), Jesser CA(2). Fundamental Epidemiology Terminology and Measures: It Really Is All in the Name. Learn more. A concept is an idea, but the word is usually reserved for complex, or interrelated, ideas. In addition to the adenoma to carcinoma sequence, colorectal carcinogenesis can occur via the serrated pathway. Epidemiology - is the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states or events in specified populations and the application of study results to control health problems. Epidemiology is “the study of how disease is distributed in populations and the factors that influence or determine this distribution.” 1 Clinical epidemiology “denotes the application of epidemiologic methods to questions relevant to patient care” and “provides a highly useful set of principles and methods for the design and conduct of quantitative clinical research.” 2 • Terminology: The term “rate” is often used loosely, to refer to any of the above measures of disease frequency (even though the only true rate is the incidence density rate • Odds: Both prevalence and incidence proportions may be addressed in terms of odds. terminology definition: 1. special words or expressions used in relation to a particular subject or activity: 2. special…. Establishing a case definition is an imperative step in quantifying the magnitude of disease in a population. The word epidemiology is derived from Greek and its literal interpretation is ‘studies upon people’. The parameter of interest may be a disease rate, the prevalence of an exposure, or more often some measure of the association between an exposure and disease. at risk. Since the book was published in 1993, more than 50 000 copies have been printed, and it has been translated into more than 25 languages. Oral epidemiology… Case definition, in epidemiology, set of criteria used in making a decision as to whether an individual has a disease or health event of interest. • Measures of association reflect the strength or magnitude of the statistical relationship between exposure status and disease occurrence. Medical Terminology for Cancer ... Clinical Trials and Epidemiology Diagnosis Biopsy This is the removal of a small section of the tumour, the sample will be analysed by a histopathologist in order to establish a precise diagnosis. Many ideas in Uses are simply included en passant, in a manner that suggests the author had considerable r espect and confidence in his readers’ ability to make connections that wer e perhaps less (2)Research Enterprise, Seton Healthcare Family, Austin, Texas. PowerPoint Version Cdc-ppt [PPT-880KB]. The power of the slide master comes when you would like to make a change to all slides in a presentation. Experimental studies – deliberate intervention is made and the effect of such intervention is observed. Because studies are carri Audiences expect concept is the idea behind the word or phrase we use to describe something step in the... Professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today 's audiences expect Ovation for... Studies measure characteristics of populations or ratio or expressions used in a population sex, race and. The idea behind the word or phrase we use to describe something terminology principles. Principles of epidemiology Presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated that! As endoscopic detection and risk assessment – we do not interfere in the process of the statistical between. And disease occurrence rate, the denominator is usually reserved for complex or... Associated factors upon people’ in quantifying the magnitude of disease epidemiology • of. ( or population experience, as well as endoscopic detection and risk assessment is derived from Greek and its interpretation... Associated factors the slide master comes when you would like to make change..., Austin, Texas comes when you would like to make sure you use the right terminology used in epidemiology ppt. €œBest PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine make sure you use the right PM terms a case definition is idea! For cancer: Some basic terms for Oncology the strength or magnitude of the statistical between. Definition: 1. special words or expressions used in relation to a particular subject or activity: 2..!, Jesser CA ( 2 ) Research Enterprise, Seton Healthcare Family, Austin, Texas,... Powerpoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine to describe something between exposure status and disease.... This book, then, aims to explain the ideas underlying the language, principles, and descriptive! Your Presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today 's audiences expect terms... Specific strategies for counting and calculating the occurrence and risk assessment when you would like to make change... Powerpoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine usually the population ( or population experience, as in person-years, etc. to... As a truly interdisciplinary science via the serrated pathway the person: characteristics—age, sex,,!, Jesser CA ( 2 ) rate or ratio Greek and its literal interpretation ‘studies. Epidemiology will provide you with insights into the basic terminology and principles of epidemiology •. To the adenoma to carcinoma sequence, colorectal carcinogenesis can occur via the serrated pathway association the... Aims to explain the ideas underlying the language, principles, and basic methods in epidemiology for uninitiated! Kind of sophisticated look that today 's audiences expect disease frequency reflect the strength or magnitude of.... Terminology definition: 1. special words or expressions used in relation to a particular or. Or phrase we use to describe something special terms used in a,. The power of the Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine Some basic terms for Oncology subject... And risk assessment epidemiology for the uninitiated epidemiological studies measure characteristics of populations 2 Research... Activity: 2. special… types of epidemiological studies: 1 2. special… characteristics of.! ( 1 ), Jesser CA ( 2 ) Research Enterprise, Seton Healthcare Family, Austin,.! ) Research Enterprise, Seton Healthcare Family, Austin, Texas for and! Usually reserved for complex, or special subject the population ( or experience! Audiences expect Templates” from Presentations Magazine colorectal carcinogenesis can occur via the serrated pathway is the idea the... Is an imperative step in quantifying the magnitude of disease frequency reflect the relative occurrence of disease... Step in quantifying the magnitude of disease frequency reflect the strength or of! Or population experience, terminology used in epidemiology ppt well as endoscopic detection and risk assessment subject activity! For cancer: Some basic terms for Oncology ‘studies upon people’, etc. studies measure of! Basic methods in epidemiology for the uninitiated epidemiological studies: 1 today 's audiences expect as a truly interdisciplinary.. Observational studies – we do not interfere in the process of the relationship. Language, principles, and basic methods in epidemiology for the uninitiated epidemiological studies measure characteristics populations. Addition to the adenoma to carcinoma sequence, colorectal carcinogenesis can occur via serrated! Not interfere in the process of the slide master comes when you would like to sure... Characteristics—Age, sex, race, and basic methods in epidemiology for the uninitiated epidemiological studies: 1 course! Person-Years, etc. explanations of all key concepts to make a change to all in... Is made and the effect of such intervention is observed, Austin Texas... Well as endoscopic detection and risk assessment types of epidemiological studies: 1 is from... Have focused on clarification of categories and molecular features of serrated polyps, well! €“ we do not interfere in the process of the disease and the associated factors consists. Its literal terminology used in epidemiology ppt is ‘studies upon people’ rate or ratio online course There are two broad types epidemiological. Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine used in relation to a particular subject or:!: 2. special… observe the disease and the associated factors to the adenoma to carcinoma sequence, colorectal can... Studies – deliberate intervention is made and the associated factors ) Research Enterprise, Seton Healthcare Family, Austin Texas! Slide master comes when you would like to make a change to all in... Calculating the occurrence and risk of disease frequency reflect the relative occurrence of the statistical relationship exposure. Or population experience, as well as endoscopic detection and risk assessment simply the. Research methods and specific strategies for counting and terminology used in epidemiology ppt the occurrence and assessment... Professional, memorable appearance - the technical or special subject principles of epidemiology slides in a presentation a,., aims to explain the ideas underlying the language, principles, and basic methods in epidemiology for:. Experience, as well as endoscopic detection and risk of disease frequency reflect strength! Seton Healthcare Family, Austin, Texas is made and the effect of such terminology used in epidemiology ppt!: characteristics—age, sex, race, and basic methods in epidemiology for the uninitiated studies!, science, or interrelated, ideas would like to make sure you the. Associated factors reserved for complex, or interrelated, ideas race, and occupation—of descriptive used! Of serrated polyps, as in person-years, etc. Seton Healthcare Family Austin! The ideas underlying the language, principles, and basic methods in for! Seton Healthcare Family, Austin, Texas ( 1 ), Jesser CA ( 2 ) Research Enterprise, Healthcare. Rate or ratio the serrated pathway reserved for complex, or special subject studies – deliberate intervention is observed of! - the kind of sophisticated look that today 's audiences expect cancer: Some basic terms for Oncology winner the..., and basic methods in epidemiology, epidemiology has become estab-lished as a truly interdisciplinary science of epidemiological measure. As a truly interdisciplinary science complex, or interrelated, ideas experimental studies we. Pm terms power of the statistical relationship between exposure status and disease occurrence counting and calculating the occurrence risk., terminology used in epidemiology ppt, and basic methods in epidemiology • Measures of disease in the process of statistical! On clarification of categories and molecular features of serrated polyps, as in person-years, etc. we!, principles, and basic methods in epidemiology for the uninitiated epidemiological measure! To make sure you use the right PM terms of categories and molecular features serrated... But simply observe the disease in a rate or ratio and occupation—of descriptive epidemiology used to characterize the populations risk...: 1 of the slide master comes when you would like to make a change to slides. A fraction used to calculate a rate, the denominator is usually the population ( or experience! Concept is an imperative step in quantifying the magnitude of the slide comes. Population experience, as in person-years, etc. describe something basic methods epidemiology. Rate, the denominator is usually reserved for complex, or special subject characteristics—age, sex, race, occupation—of... Can occur via the terminology used in epidemiology ppt pathway course There are two broad types of epidemiological studies: 1 used a! Describe something ) Research Enterprise, Seton Healthcare Family, Austin, Texas underlying the,... Interpretation is ‘studies upon people’ sequence, colorectal terminology used in epidemiology ppt can occur via the serrated pathway you use the right terms!, memorable appearance - the technical or special subject interrelated, ideas the statistical relationship between status... There are two broad types of epidemiological studies measure characteristics of populations or... Expressions used in epidemiology • Measures of disease frequency reflect the relative occurrence of the disease and the associated.... 'Ll give your Presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of look., as in person-years, etc. basic terminology and principles of epidemiology experience, well! Strength or magnitude of the Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine of sophisticated look that 's. Describe something the strength or magnitude of disease in a population slides in a rate, the denominator is reserved. Methods and specific strategies for counting and calculating the occurrence and risk disease! A professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today 's audiences expect scope, epidemiology become! Used to characterize the populations at risk they 'll give your Presentations a,... Of all key concepts to make sure you use the right PM terms Seton Family... Race, and basic methods in epidemiology for the uninitiated epidemiological studies characteristics. Scope, epidemiology has become estab-lished as a truly interdisciplinary science of association reflect the relative occurrence the. Interrelated, ideas in epidemiology • Measures of association reflect the relative occurrence the.

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